Building the Knowledge Base of Nonprofit Management:
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Artists as Amateurs and Volunteers.
Scholarship on U.S. arts labor has generally focused only on professional artists. However a large portion of the arts labor force is unpaid. This article takes the first steps toward characterizing both groups simultaneously and uses General Social Survey data to build probabilistic portraits of active arts participation. Significant predictors of arts activity are race, region of residence, age, attendance at arts events, political ideology, gender income, and education. These results have implications for cultural policy and future research on arts activity, especially that focusing on amateurs. Scholarship on the arts labor force has generally focused only on professional artists. The reasons for this are clear. First, data on arts amateurs are relatively sparse. Most studies of artists use figures compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, which tracks artists' paid activities just as it does for other workers Second, descriptions of the labor supply in any profession generally feature wage as the central explanatory argument.
Author Affiliations: 1Associate Professor of Public Administration, Syracuse University's Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs.
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